Senators Take Aim at Tobacco Regulation Grandfather Date
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Three federal lawmakers are asking the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to rethink the proposed grandfather date included in the agency's deeming regulations currently on the table.
The deeming regulations, released in April, would apply to cigars, electronic cigarettes and other tobacco products. The proposed regulations call for a Feb. 15, 2007 grandfather date — the exact date applied to cigarettes — for the newly deemed products.
However, U.S. Reps. John Boehner (R-Ohio), Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) and Fred Upton (R-Mich.) recently sent a letter to Sylvia Burwell, secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, asking her to consider that date inappropriate for the newly deemed products. The legislators raised concerns that the date will impeded innovation and impose unnecessary regulatory burdens on the FDA and the regulated industries.
The Feb. 15, 2007 date was originally chosen for regulated products because it was the date the Tobacco Control Act was introduced in the 11Oth Congress. Keeping that date in the final deeming rule will create an inequity between currently regulated tobacco products and newly deemed tobacco products, the letter stated.
"Because of the passage of time, many pre-February 15, 2007 cigars are unavailable for regulatory comparison. Additionally, most e-vapor products did not exist at that time, meaning there will be virtually no 'predicate' products in these categories," the legislators explained. "Further, FDA did not even consider e-vapor products to be tobacco products until 2011.
"Even if such 'predicate' products could be found, manufacturers would still be required to file Substantial Equivalence applications with FDA, adding dramatically to FDA's enormous backlog of such applications," the lawmakers added. "As a practical matter, many newly deemed products could be removed from the market. And for those products lacking a 'predicate,' the cost and barriers surrounding a new product submission would largely prevent new entries, posing an unwarranted regulatory barrier to innovation."
According to the lawmakers, cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco did not face this type of barrier to entry because the grandfather date for these products was about two years before regulation; the Tobacco Control Act was enacted in 2009. If the FDA publishes its final rule next year, the grandfather date for newly deemed products will be eight years before regulation.
"This is a critical issue, and we request that manufacturers of newly deemed tobacco products have the same market entry opportunities as manufacturers of cigarettes and other currently regulated tobacco products. Specifically, manufacturers of these products suggested in comments to FDA that the grandfather date for them be set at either April 25, 2014 (the date the proposed deeming regulation was published) or the date the final rule is published," they wrote. "We believe either is preferable to the current proposal, as it will treat equally those products regulated in 2009 and those FDA seeks to regulate now. Any final provision on this issue should ensure equity among all regulated tobacco products and encourage innovation while achieving the purpose of the law."
The American Vaping Association (AVA) applauded the legislators' request.
"We are thrilled to see prominent members of Congress call for the FDA to make changes to its proposed rules for vapor products," said George Conley, president of AVA. "Without significant revisions, the proposed regulatory regime threatens both public health and thousands of American small- and medium-sized businesses. The FDA's own economic analysis recognizes that the regulation will lead to the vast majority of vapor products being removed from the market."