Legislators Move to Establish Federal E-Cigarette Tax

The word taxes and money

WASHINGTON, D.C. — A group of Democratic U.S. senators unveiled legislation that would create a federal tax on electronic cigarettes and raise the tobacco tax rate for the first time in a decade.  

U.S Senate Democratic Whip Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and U.S. Sens. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), Jack Reed (D-R.I.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), Patty Murray (D-Wash.), and Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.) introduced the Tobacco Tax Equity Act of 2019, which would help reduce youth tobacco use by closing loopholes in the tax code. 

In addition, the measure would apply tax parity across all tobacco products.  

According to public health experts, increasing the price of tobacco products is the single most effective way to reduce tobacco use, especially among youth, according to the lawmakers.

"For years, I have been sounding the alarm that the vaping industry is following Big Tobacco's playbook on targeting kids," Durbin said. "I've learned that the most effective tool to prevent children from starting this insidious habit is to price it out of their range. This bill would do that, and help reduce tobacco and e-cigarette use by ending loopholes that the industry has exploited to target our children."

The Tobacco Tax Equity Act of 2019 would close tax code loopholes for tobacco products by doubling the federal tax rate on cigarettes, pegging it to inflation, and setting the federal tax rate for all other tobacco products — including e-cigarettes — at this same level.

Under current law, the federal tax rate for small cigars and roll-your-own cigarettes is at the same level as cigarettes. However, e-cigarettes, large cigars, smokeless tobacco and pipe tobacco have a lower rate.

Seventeen states have already imposed taxes on e-cigarettes, the lawmakers added.